Direct Support

Children’s right to education Project

Cambodian’s children and youth represent more than half of the population. However, the socio-economic problems profoundly effect a child’s development and quality of life. In addition, domestic violence is still a critical issues affected to child development. The conditions can also lead to the exploitation of children, and in the worst cases, result in an increase of child laborers’, child prostitutes, child sexual abused, street children, disable children, criminals, drug addicts and infants and children affected by HIV/AIDS. It is estimated that the number of orphans whose parents died of AIDS will be 40,000 in 2003. Cambodian women and girls are in increasing numbers vulnerable to domestic violence, exploitation through rape, sex trafficking, and sexual slavery. One in four women reports experiencing domestic violence . Lack of education, few employment options, and resulting poverty are major factors, though social and cultural factors as root causes should not be underestimated.

To addressing above major problem and contribute /participate to National Education For All (EFA) programme priorities and children’s right to education, Our Project focuses on empowerment of girl at risk and children who live in Bakan District of Pursat Province, Malay district and Thmar Pouk district of Banteay Meanchey Province to access to formal education in safe environment and to change the attitude of parents and the general public towards recognizing the importance of girl’s education, and to strengthen the capacity of institution or networks working on education through three major intervention components:

  • Support the community based pre-school
  • Provide the scholarship and life-skill based education,
  • Increase awareness raising on benefit of education.

Program Approach

  • Rights-based approach to education can address some of societies’ deeply rooted inequalities.
  • Child to Child Approach
  • Community resource mobilization
  • Empowerment of the partners (Education of District, Local Scholarship Management Committee, and poorest of girl at risk) to take more control of their own lives by making their own decision and determining the types, degree and direction of change they need and want.

Results:

Component 1: Support the community based pre-school

PK implemented in Bakan districts since 1997 project entitled Community Pre-school which started in January 1997 and end until December 2006 that funded support by SKIP International, CARE-Core Imitative and Community Based Organization. The purpose of project was to support children ages 3-6 years to participate in Happy Child Preschool. The community pre-schools include games, art, music, and lessons on respect, compassion and basic skills in hygiene and nutrition. Parents and village leaders also participate in these activities to show support for their children.

The actual quantifiable achievements for PK’s effort up to dates, PK supported to 1150 children including 55% girl child lives in 35 target villages to participate in the community based pre-school run by community teachers. These teachers received a small stipend and trained their capacity and monitored under technical support from District of Education and PK staff. The community teacher recruited from their community and the recruitment process was carrying out by their Community Based Organization (CBO) under facilitation of DoE and PK staff.

PK facilitated process CBO to establish 35 Parent Committee with 245 members, and their major roles are to monitoring the teacher and student performance and mobilize the resource for additional support to their community pre-school. PK facilitated process CBO and Parent Committee to conduct the community resource mobilization for 10 community pre-school construction.

Moreover, 35 community teachers received the capacity building on teaching methodologies; class arrangement and teaching aid development, good school governance, and follow up school dropouts and select community teacher. The community teachers are motivated to develop close relationship with the parents of the students through home visit, sharing about learning progress of student.

Component 2: Provide the scholarship and life skill based education
PK implemented in two districts for period of a six-year project entitled Girls Access to Education which started in January 2004 and end until December 2009 that funded support by Operation A Day’s Work and DanChurchAid and OPTIONS Program of World Education Organization.

The actual quantifiable achievements for PK’s effort up to dates, the Project of Girl Access to Education has been supported 906 scholarship recipients for attending public schools between grades 3-9. These scholarship recipients are girls at risk and from poor, landless, violent, and parentless backgrounds.

These scholarship recipients also acquired the life skill education including topic of personal safety, tactic of trafficker and danger and safety of migration.

Component 3: Increase awareness raising on benefit of education
It major activities were focusing on tv-spot, radio-spot, listening groups, use of mobile cinemas, public fora and awareness raining workshops all complement each other in raising awareness. Especially the mobile cinemas reach out to the poorest communities.

  • Strong local participation from EWG in scholarship and advocacy activities, e.g. in the selection of girls, organizing and participation in public campaigns.
  • 15 Youth and Children Club established and built capacity building and they ‘re mainly comprised by outgoing and talented youth members who very involved in awareness raising related to domestic violence, migration, and trafficking though mobile drama/role play by Youth and Children Club.
  • 10 Women’s groups appear to have a very active participation, they work on VAW and cooperate with local authorities and encourage girls to enter literacy class and vocational training.
  • Effectiveness of campaigns such as public fora were difficult to ascertain, but reportedly has strong participation from women and Q & A sessions are productive. Government employees are serious about their participation in these public fora. Good linkage with government employees at commune, district up to provincial level are observed.
  • Mobile cinemas have strong outreach capacity for the most vulnerable communities and community members interviewed recognize messages given as being important and relevant. The mobile cinema activities were highly welcomed by the community and it contributes to a behavioral change.
  • Reportedly less cases of domestic violence occur in communes where the youth clubs are established.

Childred Protection

Cambodia’s HIV/AIDS prevalence rate is the second highest in Asia. An estimated 75,000 people, including 4,400 children aged 0-14 years are living with HIV/AIDS in Cambodia. The National AIDS Authority (NAA) estimates there may be as many as 570,000 orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Cambodia, and thousands of families whose main providers are either ill or dead . Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in the world with 68% of the population living on less than $2 per day .

Household livelihoods are severely affected by HIV/AIDS, as breadwinners are lost to sickness and death, and as stigma reduces the earning opportunities of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs).The greatest needs of OVCs are nutrition, stable livelihood/income, health care, education, safe drinking water, free HIV/AIDS treatment services, and caregivers to support children whose parents have died.

To addressing above major OVC needs and contribute /participate to National Plan of Action for OVC 2008-2010 programme priorities and children’s right to protection, Our Project commitment to reduce vulnerability of HIV and mitigate against the impact of AIDS among OVCs who live in Bakan Operational District (OD) of Pursat Province, ODThmar Pouk in Banteay Meanchey Province through three major intervention strategy:

  1. Improving the livelihood security of households supporting OVCs.
  2. Improving access to health care and treatment, nutrition and education support for OVCs and carers infected/affected by HIV/AIDS.
  3. Reducing stigma and discrimination against OVCs and others infected/affected by HIV/AIDS.

Program strategies include:

  • Empowerment and capacity building of individuals and communities
  • Rights-based approach
  • Networking with communities, government, pagodas and NGOs

Results from 2004 until September, 2010:

  • Six of communes with operational OVC support structures.
  • 32 of community based organizations that received support to assist OVCs.
  • 2 of network/committee set up to relevant OVC need.
  • 1200 of OVC enable to attend school and received school material support.
  • 2182 of OVC/households received nutritional supplement support.
  • 3324 of OVC referred to health services.
  • 109 of HIV+ children referred to appropriate ARV and /orOI care.
  • 538 CCVs and counterpart staff trained to provide psychosocial and referral services to OVCs.
  • 597 of key stakeholders trained including LNGOs partners, government staff and community care volunteer in basic HIV information and stigma/discrimination reduction.
  • 346 of villager leaders, commune council member and community care volunteer trained on the concept play group objective to reduce stigma and discrimination.
  • 3017 of community play group conducted by integrate OVC and Non OVC infected/affected by HIV and other.
  • 62060 of children reached by play group integrating community children, both infected/affected by HIV and other.

Gender Equality

GATE Project: Enhancing Livelihood Options for Girls through Advocacy, Training, and Employment.

Cambodian women and girls are in increasing numbers, vulnerable to exploitation through domestic violence, rape, sex trafficking, and sexual slavery. Approximately 55,000 sex workers are employed in Cambodia , many of them victims of trafficking as well as sexual exploitation. One in four women reports experiencing domestic violence . Lack of education, few employment options, and resulting poverty are major factors, though social and cultural factors as root causes should not be underestimated. The legislative environment too, in regard to women is weak in Cambodia: a domestic violence law was passed only in November 2005 after more than a decade of argument; the law against human trafficking is still in draft form.

To addressing above major problem and contribute/participate to National programme priorities and CEDAW, Our project focuses on empowerment of girl at risk who live in 3 districts of Malay, Pranedh Preash, Thmar Pourk district, Banteay Meanchey Province to increase the livelihood and educational opportunities of girl and women at-risk girls in order to enhance their life options. And this project is joint implementing program under collaborative effort between DanchurchAid, Cambodian Women’s Crisis Centre, and Ponleur Kumar. It project aims is to Contribute to reduction in levels of poverty and gender-based violence & exploitation among vulnerable girls (victims at risk of trafficking or violence) and their families in Banteay Meanchey Province. The strategies objectives are focusing on:

  1. Increased safe employment / income generating opportunities for target girls.
  2. Improved attitudes toward women and increased promotion of girls/women’s rights, family to national level, through a consistent multi-year focus on three key messages of counter-trafficking, gender-based violence, and girl-child rights (especially education and labour related rights)

It project has two major components with many activities to be conducted under both strategic objectives:

  • Training & Employment: reducing poverty and risk of exploitation through providing opportunities for participation in literacy classes and skills training ventures; supporting participants with non-financial support such as business planning, job counselling, job placement assistance; revolving loans.
  • Advocacy: Awareness-raising and influencing national policy through forming community-based advocacy groups, disseminating publications, radio talk shows and television spots, conducting public forum events; at local, provincial, national level ; about women/girls rights in the wider context of human/(girl)child rights, human trafficking, and gender-based violence.

Project Approach:

  1. The results-based approach.
  2. Gender Rights-based project
  3. Holistic skills training
  4. Advocacy

Result

Round 1: GAE (Girl Access to Education) from 2004 – 2006 under fund supported from OperationDay Work through DCA/CA.

  • 100 of girls/women at risk age 13-25 participated in Literacy class.
  • 300 of girls/women at risk were successful graduated skill training and small business training. And 58% out of successful graduated trainees are going self-employment and employment with private workshop. They are able to earn monthly income with average of 25$ -$85.
  • # of successful graduated trainees received the revolving fund for their business.
  • 3 times of Provincial Job Employment Workshop conducted with totally participant of 192 including 58% female under collaboration and cooperation with Provincial Department of Women Affair and Veterans. The purpose of workshop were to disseminate the finding results of market survey, to determine the vocational skills training plan in response to the local market demands, and to offer an opportunity to the participants of the forum including the government departments and NGOs concerned to share its vocational skills training plan and lessons learned.
  • 300 girls were participated in Tutorial classes & Life skills Enhancement.

Round 2: GATE from 2007 – June 2010 under fund supported from EU through DCA/CA.

  • 285 of girls/women at risk age 13-25 successful participated in Community based Literacy class. And 93 of them received the life skill training.
  • 292 of girls/women at risk were successful graduated skill training and small business training including trainees of 40 cloth sewing, 17 hair dressing, 180 agriculture (vegetable planting and animal raising), 13 scarf weaving, 10 mat weaving,14 silk weaving and 18 food processing. 75% out of successful graduated trainees are going self-employment and job employment with private workshop and they could earn the monthly income with average of 20$ up to 100$.
  • 242 of 292 successful graduated trainees received the small business training.
  • 68 of 292 successful graduated trainees were received the asset transferred from project. Those assets cost $ 5,786.20. The assets were granted based on their business plan and type of skills.
  • 4 times of Provincial Job Employment Workshop conducted with totally participant of 256 including 60% femals under collaboration and cooperation with Provincial Department of Labor and Provincial Department of Women Affair and Veterans. The purpose of workshop were to disseminate the finding results of market survey, to determine the vocational skills training plan in response to the local market demands, and to offer an opportunity to the participants of the forum including the government departments and NGOs concerned to share its vocational skills training plan and lessons learned.
  • 535 girls were participated in Tutorial classes & Life skills training.
  • 25 Saving for Change Groups (SfC) with 353 members (includes 334 females and 171 member are skill trainee) were established and received the capacity building on saving concept and bookkeeping. They have deposited their money for saving in the total amount of 13,958,700 riels and earn from interests of this saving 575,400 riels. It is notable that 11,268,500 riels (76%) of the group funds have been being taken loans by the group members.
  • 15 Youth Clubs/Federation with 187 youth members (125 female) were established and received the capacity building on Children Right, domestic violence, trafficking, safe migration. Then, they conducted 76 role play for awareness raising of what they learnt to villagers. Beside, they also conducted 3 times per year of community fund raising for support to Orphan and Vulnerable Children (OVC) so they could earn for this action with totally donation 176.19$ under collaboration local authorities and Child Protection Network at District level. Right now, they provided support to 6 OVC and the kind support such as study material such as school uniforms, notebooks, pens, pencils, bags, and rice; and some money to cure the illness.
  • 5 Women’s Groups with 72 members were established and trained on child and women right, domestic violence, trafficking and safe migration.
  • 53,079 Audience/Viewer including 28492 female/girls lives in three target district were participated and received awareness raising on the domestic violence, trafficking and safe migration through conducted 74 of role plays, mobile cinema and 4 major international event such as children’s day, women’s day, literacy’s day and human’s day.


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